Ahnentafel


Ahnentafel, Generation No. 1

Nathaniel Bright was born 28 DEC 1686 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 28 DEC 1737 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He was the son of Nathaniel Bright and Mary Coolidge.

Search for Nathaniel Bright in Fold3 Records
Search for Nathaniel Bright in Newspapers

Ahnentafel, Generation No. 2

Nathaniel Bright was born 05 MAY 1647 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 11 MAY 1726 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He was the son of Henry Bright and Anne Goldstone.

Mary Coolidge was born 11 DEC 1660 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 01 DEC 1717 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She was buried in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She was the daughter of Simon Coolidge and Hannah Baron.

Children of Mary /Coolidge/ and Nathaniel /Bright/ are:
  1. Mary Bright was born 07 OCT 1682 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She married Person Not Viewable .

  2. Henry Bright was born 16 AUG 1684 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 24 OCT 1756 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He married Margaret Jackson. She was born ABT 1685, and died 16 APR 1758 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.

  3. Nathaniel Bright was born 28 DEC 1686 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 28 DEC 1737 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.

  4. John Bright was born 05 APR 1689 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 1764 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He married Rebecca Traine. She was born 07 DEC 1701 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 1736 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.

  5. Joseph Bright was born 11 JUL 1692 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 1757 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.

  6. Hannah Bright was born 07 AUG 1694 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 1786 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She married Jonas Bond on (4 FEB 1718/19) in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He was born 10 DEC 1691 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.

  7. Benjamin Bright was born 19 JUL 1698 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.

  8. Abigail Brightdied 1733 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She married Person Not Viewable .

  9. Mercy Bright. She married John Coolidge on (10 FEB 1725/26) in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He was born 22 OCT 1697 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.



Ahnentafel, Generation No. 3

Henry Bright was born 29 DEC 1602 in Bury St. Edmunds, Ipswich, SFK, ENG, and died 09 OCT 1686 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He was buried in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He was the son of Henry Bright and Mary Woodgate.

Anne Goldstone was born 16 MAY 1615 in Wickham Skeith, England. She was the daughter of Henry Goldstone and x Anne.

Children of Anne /Goldstone/ and Henry /Bright/ are:
  1. Anna Bright was born ABT 1635 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died AUG 1639 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.

  2. Anna Bright was born ( CIR 1635) in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died AUG 1639 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.

  3. Abigail Bright was born 12 OCT 1637 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She married Elisha Odlin on ABT 1666 in Watertown, MA. He was born 01 JUL 1640.

  4. Abigail Bright was born 12 OCT 1637 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.

  5. Mary Bright was born 23 APR 1639 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 17 JUN 1712 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She married Nathaniel Coolidge on 15 OCT 1657 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He was born 1634 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 03 NOV 1711 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He was buried in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.

  6. John Bright was born 14 MAY 1641 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 17 AUG 1691 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He married Mary Barsham on 07 MAY 1675 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She was born 23 JUN 1648 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died AFT 1731.

  7. John Bright was born 14 MAY 1641 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 17 AUG 1691.

  8. Hannah Bright was born (17 MAR 1642/43) in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 05 SEP 1711 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She married Samuel Ruggles on 26 MAY 1670 in Roxbury, MA. He was born 1629 in Nasing, Essex, England, and died 15 AUG 1692 in Roxbury, Suffolk, MA.

  9. Elizabeth Bright was born (17 MAR 1642/43) in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 23 JUL 1702 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She married Walter Hastings on 23 JUL 1674 in Cambridge, Middlesex, MA. He was born ABT 1630, and died 05 AUG 1705 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.

  10. Anna Bright was born (17 MAR 1643/4) in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 05 SEP 1711.

  11. Elizabeth Bright was born 1645 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 22 JUL 1702.

  12. Nathaniel Bright was born 05 MAY 1647 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 11 MAY 1726 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He married Mary Coolidge on 21 JUL 1681 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She was born 11 DEC 1660 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 01 DEC 1717 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She was buried in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.

  13. Nathaniel Bright was born 05 MAY 1647 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 11 MAY 1726.

  14. Beriah Bright was born 22 SEP 1649 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 07 OCT 1734 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She married Isaac Fowle on 30 NOV 1671 in Charlestown, MA. He was born 1648, and died 15 OCT 1718 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.

  15. Beriah Bright was born 22 SEP 1651 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 07 OCT 1734.


Simon Coolidge was born 1632 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 27 DEC 1693 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He was buried in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He was the son of John Coolidge and Mary Ravens.

Hannah Baron was born 1637, and died 24 JUL 1680 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She was buried in Old Burying Ground, Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She was the daughter of Ellis Baron and x Grace.

Children of Hannah /Baron/ and Simon /Coolidge/ are:
  1. Mary Coolidge was born 11 DEC 1660 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 01 DEC 1717 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She married Nathaniel Bright on 21 JUL 1681 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He was born 05 MAY 1647 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 11 MAY 1726 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.

  2. Obadiah Coolidge was born 20 JUL 1663 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 1663 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.

  3. Obadiah Coolidge was born 1664 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 16 MAY 1707 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He married Elizabeth Rouse on (28 FEB 1686/87) in Sudbury, Middlesex, MA. She was born in Hartford, CT, and died BEF 06 NOV 1732 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.

  4. Joseph Coolidge was born 31 MAY 1666 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 17 DEC 1737 in Cambridge, Middlesex, MA. He married Rebecca Frost on 1695 in Cambridge, Middlesex, MA. She was born 03 DEC 1669 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 01 JUL 1750 in Cambridge, Middlesex, MA. She was buried in Cambridge, Middlesex, MA.

  5. Hannah Coolidge was born 07 DEC 1671 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 04 OCT 1750 in Sturbridge, Worcester, MA. She married Nathan Fiske on 22 MAY 1729 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He was born (3 JAN 1672/73) in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died (6 JAN 1740/41) in Sturbridge, Worcester, MA.

  6. Stephen Coolidge was born 01 JUN 1674 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 1704 in Cambridge, Middlesex, MA. He married Sarah Parker on 30 APR 1702 in Cambridge, Middlesex, MA. She was born 01 MAY 1683.

  7. Lydia Coolidge was born (3 FEB 1676/77) in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 24 APR 1677 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.

  8. Sarah Coolidge was born 1679 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died (JAN 1723/24) in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She married Samuel Hastings on 10 JUL 1701 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He was born (12 MAR 1665/66), and died AUG 1723.



Ahnentafel, Generation No. 4

Henry Bright was born 20 DEC 1560 in Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, England, and died 1609 in England. He was buried in England.

Mary Woodgate was born in England, and died in England. She was buried in England. She was the daughter of Stephen Woodgate and Mary Derehaugh.

Children of Mary /Woodgate/ and Henry /Bright/ are:
  1. Mary Bright was born 1594 in Bury St. Edmund's, Suffolk, England. She married Person Not Viewable .

  2. Thomas Bright was born 28 NOV 1596 in Bury St. Edmund's, Suffolk, England, and died (BET. 17 APR 1618 - 26 JAN 1624/25) in England.

  3. Elizabeth Bright was born 17 SEP 1598 in Bury St. Edmund's, Suffolk, England, and died BEF 06 AUG 1657 in Bury St. Edmund's, Suffolk, England. She married Person Not Viewable .

  4. John Bright was born 30 NOV 1600 in Bury St. Edmund's, Suffolk, England.

  5. Henry Bright was born 29 DEC 1602 in Bury St. Edmunds, Ipswich, SFK, ENG, and died 09 OCT 1686 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He married Anne Goldstone on 1634 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She was born 16 MAY 1615 in Wickham Skeith, England.

  6. Stephen Bright was born 12 MAY 1605 in Bury St. Edmund's, Suffolk, England.

  7. Samuel Bright was born 24 NOV 1606 in Bury St. Edmund's, Suffolk, England.

  8. Anne Bright was born (3 FEB 1608/09) in Bury St. Edmund's, Suffolk, England.

  9. Person Not Viewable .


Henry Goldstone was born JUL 1591 in Wickham Skeith, Suffolk, England, and died 25 JUL 1638 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He was the son of William Goldstone and x Margaret.

x Anne was born ABT 1589 in England, and died 26 APR 1670 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.

Children of x /Anne/ and Henry /Goldstone/ are:
  1. Anne Goldstone was born 16 MAY 1615 in Wickham Skeith, England. She married Henry Bright on 1634 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He was born 29 DEC 1602 in Bury St. Edmunds, Ipswich, SFK, ENG, and died 09 OCT 1686 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He was buried in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.

  2. Mary Goldstone was born ABT 1619. She married Person Not Viewable .


John Coolidge was born 16 SEP 1604 in Cottenham, England, and died 07 MAY 1691 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He was buried in Old Burying Ground, Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He was the son of William Cooledge and Margaret Mayse.

Mary Ravens was born 14 NOV 1602 in Wattisfield, Suffolk, England, and died 22 AUG 1691 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She was buried in Old Burying Ground, Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She was the daughter of Richard Ravens and Elizabeth Hedge.

Children of Mary /Ravens/ and John /Coolidge/ are:
  1. John Coolidge was born (CIR 1628) in Cottenham, Cambridge, England, and died (8 FEB 1690/1) in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He married Mary Wellington on 16 SEP 1679 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She was born (10 FEB 1640/41) in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.

  2. Simon Coolidge was born 1632 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 27 DEC 1693 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He married Priscilla Rogers on (19 JAN 1681/82) in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She was born 1647 in Billerica, MA, and died 09 JUN 1717 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She was buried in Old Burying Ground, Watertown, Middlesex, MA.

  3. Nathaniel Coolidge was born 1634 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 03 NOV 1711 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He married Mary Bright on 15 OCT 1657 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She was born 23 APR 1639 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 17 JUN 1712 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She was buried in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.

  4. Elizabeth Coolidge was born (CIR 1636) in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died BEF 1691. She married Richard Robbins on 26 MAR 1673 in Cambridge, Middlesex, MA. He was born 1610, and died 1683.

  5. Mary Coolidge was born 14 OCT 1637 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 02 NOV 1660 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She married Isaac Mixer on 19 SEP 1655 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He was born ABT 1630, and died 27 NOV 1716 in Waltham, Middlesex, MA.

  6. Stephen Coolidge was born 28 OCT 1639 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died (5 MAR 1710/11) in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He married x Rebecca on 1660 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She died 15 APR 1702 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She was buried in Watertown, MA.

  7. Obadiah Coolidge was born 15 APR 1642 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 11 JUL 1663 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.

  8. Jonathan Coolidge was born (10 MAR 1646/7) in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died (16 MAR 1723/4) in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He married Martha Rice on 03 DEC 1679 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She was born (14 JAN 1661/62) in Sudbury, Middlesex, MA, and died 25 DEC 1695 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She was buried in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.


Ellis Baron .

x Grace .

Children of x /Grace/ and Ellis /Baron/ are:
  1. Hannah Baron was born 1637, and died 24 JUL 1680 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She married Simon Coolidge on 17 NOV 1658 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He was born 1632 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 27 DEC 1693 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He was buried in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.



Ahnentafel, Generation No. 5

Stephen Woodgate .

Mary Derehaugh was born (19 JAN 1546/47) in Badingham, Suffolk, England, and died BEF 10 MAY 1598 in England. She was the daughter of Thomas Derehaugh and x Alice.

Children of Mary /Derehaugh/ and Stephen /Woodgate/ are:
  1. Mary Woodgate was born in England, and died in England. She married Person Not Viewable .

  2. Person Not Viewable .


William Goldstone was born 1556 in Badingham, Suffolk, England, and died (BET. 28 FEB 1608/09 - 4 MAY 1609) in Wickham Skeith, Suffolk, England. He was the son of Roman Goldstone and x Jane.

x Margaret . She was buried 05 JUN 1620 in Wickham Skeith, Suffolk, England.

Children of x /Margaret/ and William /Goldstone/ are:
  1. Henry Goldstone was born JUL 1591 in Wickham Skeith, Suffolk, England, and died 25 JUL 1638 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He married x Anne. She was born ABT 1589 in England, and died 26 APR 1670 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA.


William Cooledge was born in Cottenham, England, and died (BET. 21 - 25 OCT 1618) in Cottenham, England. He was buried in Cottenham, England. He was the son of Simon [Simeon] Cooledge and x Jane.

Margaret Mayse died (11 FEB 1619/20) in Cottenham, England. She was buried in Cottenham, England.

Children of Margaret /Mayse/ and William /Cooledge/ are:
  1. Richard Coolledge was born (4 JAN 1589/90) in Cottenham, England. He married Person Not Viewable .

  2. William Coolledge was born (4 JAN 1591/92) in Cottenham, England.

  3. Jane Cooledge was born 27 DEC 1593 in Cottenham, England, and died (22 MAR 1595/96) in Cottenham, England.

  4. Thomas Culledge was born 22 JUL 1595 in Cottenham, England, and died 01 JUL 1597 in Cottenham, England.

  5. Elizabeth Culledge was born 22 MAY 1598 in Cottenham, England.

  6. Simon Culledge was born 15 JUN 1600 in Cottenham, England.

  7. Margaret Coulledge was born 10 SEP 1602 in Cottenham, England.

  8. John Coolidge was born 16 SEP 1604 in Cottenham, England, and died 07 MAY 1691 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He married Mary Ravens on 1628 in Cottenham, England. She was born 14 NOV 1602 in Wattisfield, Suffolk, England, and died 22 AUG 1691 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She was buried in Old Burying Ground, Watertown, Middlesex, MA.


Richard Ravens was born 01 APR 1562 in Dedham, Essex, England, and died 03 APR 1626 in Wattisfield, Suffolk, England. He was the son of William Ravens and Joan Starlyng.

Elizabeth Hedge was born ABT 1566. She was the daughter of Nicholas Hedge and Allice Burrough.

Children of Elizabeth /Hedge/ and Richard /Ravens/ are:
  1. Jonathan Ravens was born ABT 1589 in East Bergholt, Suffolk, England, and died 26 SEP 1626 in Wattisfield, Suffolk, England.

  2. Grace Ravens was born ABT 1591 in East Bergholt, Suffolk, England, and died 03 JUN 1662 in Watertown, MA. She married John Sherman on 26 SEP 1611 in Wattisfield, Suffolk, England. He was born 17 AUG 1585 in Dedham, Essex, England, and died (24 JAN 1614/15) in Great Horkesley, Essex, England.

  3. Bezaleel Ravens was born 09 DEC 1593 in Dedham, Essex, England, and died 21 OCT 1648 in Dedham, Essex, England. He married Judith Browne. She died (16 JAN 1644/45) in Dedham, Essex, England.

  4. Elizabeth Ravens was born 21 DEC 1595 in Dedham, Essex, England. She married Anthony Mills on 10 APR 1621 in Cottenham, England. He died BEF 31 MAY 1634 in England.

  5. William Ravens was born ABT 1598. He married x Martha. She died 10 SEP 1654 in Dedham, Essex, England.

  6. Edmund Ravens was born 29 JUN 1600 in Wattisfield, Suffolk, England, and died (10 MAR 1625/26) in Dedham, Essex, England. He married Mary Gull on (23 FEB 1624/25) in Wattisfield, Suffolk, England. She was born 22 MAY 1604 in Dedham, Essex, England, and died 03 DEC 1647 in Dedham, Essex, England.

  7. Mary Ravens was born 14 NOV 1602 in Wattisfield, Suffolk, England, and died 22 AUG 1691 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. She married John Coolidge on 1628 in Cottenham, England. He was born 16 SEP 1604 in Cottenham, England, and died 07 MAY 1691 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA. He was buried in Old Burying Ground, Watertown, Middlesex, MA.

  8. Richard Ravens was born 05 MAY 1605 in Wattisfield, Suffolk, England, and died AFT 1625.

  9. Helen Ravens was born 07 JUL 1607 in Wattisfield, Suffolk, England, and died AFT 1625.

  10. Sarah Ravens was born 03 NOV 1611 in Wattisfield, Suffolk, England, and died AFT 1625.



Ahnentafel, Generation No. 6

Thomas Derehaugh was born ABT 1500 in England. He was buried 26 SEP 1553 in Badingham, Suffolk, England.

x Alice .

Children of x /Alice/ and Thomas /Derehaugh/ are:
  1. Mary Derehaugh was born (19 JAN 1546/47) in Badingham, Suffolk, England, and died BEF 10 MAY 1598 in England. She married Stephen Woodgate.


Roman Goldstone . He was buried 23 NOV 1585 in Bedingfield, Suffolk, England.

x Jane . She was buried 01 JUN 1679 in Bedingfield, Suffolk, England.

Children of x /Jane/ and Roman /Goldstone/ are:
  1. William Goldstone was born 1556 in Badingham, Suffolk, England, and died (BET. 28 FEB 1608/09 - 4 MAY 1609) in Wickham Skeith, Suffolk, England. He married x Margaret on 24 APR 1581 in Wickham Skeith, Suffolk, England. She . She was buried 05 JUN 1620 in Wickham Skeith, Suffolk, England.


Simon [Simeon] Cooledge was born in England, and died 06 NOV 1590 in Cottenham, England. He was buried in England.

x Jane died 15 DEC 1584 in Cottenham, England. She was buried in Cottenham, England.

Children of x /Jane/ and Simon [Simeon] /Cooledge/ are:
  1. Edith Cooledge was born 05 DEC 1574 in Cottenham, England.

  2. Thomas Cooledge was born 26 JUL 1579 in Cottenham, England, and died 13 AUG 1599 in Cottenham, England.

  3. Person Not Viewable . He/She married Person Not Viewable .

  4. Person Not Viewable .

  5. William Cooledge was born in Cottenham, England, and died (BET. 21 - 25 OCT 1618) in Cottenham, England. He married Margaret Mayse on 23 JUN 1588 in Cottenham, England. She died (11 FEB 1619/20) in Cottenham, England. She was buried in Cottenham, England.

  6. John Cooledgedied 17 OCT 1622 in Cottenham, England. He married Person Not Viewable .


William Ravens was born ABT 1519 in Dedham, Essex, England, and died 01 AUG 1580 in Dedham, Essex, England.

Joan Starlyng died 10 OCT 1584 in Dedham, Essex, England.

Children of Joan /Starlyng/ and William /Ravens/ are:
  1. Grace Ravens was born ABT 1545 in Dedham, Essex, England, and died BEF APR 1606 in Dedham, Essex, England. She married Edward Cole on (12 JAN 1567/68) in Dedham, Essex, England. He died 01 APR 1606 in Dedham, Essex, England.

  2. Bridget Ravens was born ABT 1548 in Dedham, Essex, England, and died 16 NOV 1609 in Dedham, Essex, England. She married Habakkuk Page on 15 MAY 1571 in Dedham, Essex, England. He died (BEF. FEB 1608/09).

  3. Richard Ravens was born 01 APR 1562 in Dedham, Essex, England, and died 03 APR 1626 in Wattisfield, Suffolk, England. He married Elizabeth Hedge on ABT 1588 in England. She was born ABT 1566.

  4. William Ravensdied 10 NOV 1560 in Dedham, Essex, England.

  5. Mary Ravensdied 22 NOV 1563 in Dedham, Essex, England.


Nicholas Hedge died 1577 in East Bergholt, Suffolk, England.

Allice Burrough .

Children of Allice /Burrough/ and Nicholas /Hedge/ are:
  1. Alice Hedge was born ABT 1564, and died BEF JUN 1619. She married George Markes. He died 24 MAY 1619.

  2. Elizabeth Hedge was born ABT 1566. She married Richard Ravens on ABT 1588 in England. He was born 01 APR 1562 in Dedham, Essex, England, and died 03 APR 1626 in Wattisfield, Suffolk, England.

  3. Robert Hedge was born ABT 1568.

  4. Susan Hedge was born ABT 1570. She married Person Not Viewable .

  5. Christopher Hedge was born ABT 1572.

  6. Jeremy Hedge was born ABT 1574.

  7. Ruth Hedge was born ABT 1576.

  8. Parnell Hedge was born ABT 1578. She married Person Not Viewable .



RootsWeb.com is NOT responsible for the content of the GEDCOMs uploaded through the WorldConnect Program. The creator of each GEDCOM is solely responsible for its content.