Title: Linnell Family Newsletter
Page: Volume 18, issue 1, pa. 2 , February 2006
Author: Linnell Family Association of North America
Note: The Descendants of Robert Linnell by Rachel Linnell Wynn
According to the work done by Rachel L. Wynn Robert had a first wife in England who is the mother of Roberts first 4 or 5 children. According to the IGI all children are sealed to Pinniah Howse his second wife who came to America with him .
From the arrival of Robert Linnell in 1638 until the death of the third generation of Linnells, a century had passed. Robert’s grandson Jonathan (117) died in 1726 and his grandson John (118) died in 1747. Otis notes that there had been very little immigration to these shores after that first burst of enthusiasm. The communities remained socially and religiously homogeneous. They consolidated their development in the organization of their government and state that Jonathan (117) was the ancestor of those who lived in Eastham and Orleans and that John (118) was the ancestor of those in Barnstable and Yarmouth. During these years the colonist’s energy had been devoted to clearing the land, building the houses and the places of worship, raising crops, affirming their religious zeal and developing codes of conduct and government. Much thought and negotiation had gone into relationships with the Indians. The families were large to help with the work to be accomplished; and the young people stayed in close proximity to their parents. The choice for marriage partners we not large; and movement between communities was not great. Young people married their neighbors and their cousins. The building of homes and other buildings progressed rapidly too. The first houses built on the Cape were palisade houses, upright poles placed in drilled holes in the earth or in a beam board placed on the earth. The upright poles were then lashed to roof poles that became the foundation for thatched roofs. By the time Robert Linnell move to Barnstable with john Lothrop there was already a saw mill in operation in Scituate and sawed lumber for building could be shipped from Scituate to Barnstable. This allowed for the design of building to which the people had been accustomed in England. And these homes, weathered by the blowing salt sand, were built to last for generations. pa. 13-14.
Robert Linnell's death on 23 January 1662 completed the first generation of this family in America.
Robert Linnell's will reads as follows:
"The last Will of Robert Linell Deceased the 23 of January 1662 I give to my wife my house and home lott soe long as shee lives a widdow; alsoe...all my household stuffe and plow and Cart and two Cowes and a calfe for ever; I give my house and home lott to David and his heires after my wife either Dieth or marrieth
alsoe my mersh att sandy necke I give to David and his heirs for ever and my lot by John Casleyes; I give my ground and mersh att the lower end of the pond att Mattakeessett to Abigail; I give to John Davis my two oxen to find my wife wood and to mow my marsh and plow my ground for her for two yeare if she Remaine a widdow so longe; if she marryeth before the two yeares bee out then to bee free; I give to Bethya one Cow to have it when my Will; It is my will that the swamp I bought of Thomas Lewis to goe with my house lott; Robert Linell"
"The tearme; and a Calfe in the third line in the originall was put in since the man Deceased.
Trustrum Hull "
The Pioneers of Massachusetts, by Charles Henry Pope, Baltimore, Genealogical Publishing Co., 1965 LINNELL, LINNETT, LENNET, LARNETT Robert, called "my Brother," by Mr. John Lothrop, adm. chh. scituate with his wife Sept. 16. 1638, "having a letter of dismission from the church in London.: Took oath of allegaince 1 Feb. 1638. Propr. at Barnstable 22 jan 1638-9. ch. Hannah (m. 15 March, 1648, John Davis of Bar.,) Abigail, (m. May 1650, Joshua Lombard,) David, (m. March 9, 1652, Hannah Shelley). He made will 23 Jan. 1662, prob. 12 March, 1662-3; beq. to wife; to son David; to Abigail and Bethys; to John Davis. The widow Penninnah petitioned the Court 29 Oct. 1669, to recover the house her husband had left her from the hands of David L.
How did you determine that Robert Linnell (born ca. 1584 in London) had been part of a church in Southwark? I understood that he had belonged to Rev. John Lothrop's Independent (Congregational?) Church in London.
There is a great deal written on Rev. John Lothrop and his church. Indeed it is referred to as the First Independent Church of London, which was originally under the leadership of Henry Jacob, taken over by John Lothrop in 1623. This church was in Southwark, "situated on Union Street". Rev.Lothrop came to Scituate Massachusetts in 1634, gathering together other immigrants "as had been in congregation with us before". In 1638, from his journal, " My brother Robert Linnell and his wife, came to us with a letter of dismission from our church in London". Robert Linnell married John Lothrop's sister-in-law, Peninah House. In 1639 they, as a group, settled Barnstable on Cape Cod.. Hope this is helpful. Dan McConnell P.S. Yes , Rev. Lothrops church was one of the oldest Congregational Churches. The Congregational church in Scituate refers to itself as the oldest continuous Congregational Church in existence. The only older congregation was the Engish Church at Leiden Holland some of which came on the Mayflower, but apparently was not continuous.
In Amos Otis' article on the Linnell family, he says of Robert Linnell, "His house lot [in Barnstable Village], containing ten acres was bounded northerly by the harbor, easterly by the lot of ot Thomas Lombard [another relative], southerly by the highway [the present route 6A], and westerly by the home lots of William and John Casely. He also owned three acres of planting land in the common field, three acres of meadow at Sandy Neck, nine at Scorton, a great lot containing sixty acres and rights to commonage". Wouldn't we all like to own 85 acres of Barnstable, on Cape Cod , today? From another of Mr. Otis' articles on Barnstable families [we learn that Robert and Peninah's original house lot was the thrid lot east of present day Rendezvous Lane. This lot, today, contains a red colonial house (2006) at 2984 Main Street [Route 6A], known as Salt Acres. ...The current house was built around 1717 by the Davis Family [also relatives]. The original Linnell house on the property would have been built around 1640. It was probably torn down to build this one. To get an idea of what the original house might have been like, visit the Lothrop Room in the Sturgis Library, down the street. This room is preserved section of Reverend John Lothrop's [Robert Linnell's brother-in-law] original house, so you casn imagine the Linnell family standing in that very room. Linnell Family Newsletter Volume 18, Issue #1, pa. 2, February 2006
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