Note: the IRA) along with his brothers and sisters and it is believed thisis the reason they fled Ireland. Marcus, Mary and John all emigratedto New Zealand first and it was they who sent the passage money backto Ireland for Michael.
He left as soon as the money arrived on the first available ship. Theship was bound for Australia. With his family in New Zealand, thissuggests he was very desparate to leave Ireland and that he may havebeen days away from being arrested by the English authorities. It isbelieved he was aged between 10 and 14 years old at this time (1872 -1874).
In Australia, he worked in the gold fields of Orange, New South Wales.He would have been there for the 1881 census but all census returnsfor 1851 to 1891 were destroyed when the Public Records Office inSydney burnt down.
He left Australia and arrived in New Zealand on 18 May 1883 on theship "British Queen".
Note: Michael was heavily involved with the Finean movement (precursor of
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