Note: !Will in Prince George Co., MD. dtd 7 Aug. 1715 and proven 7 Nov 1715. Thomas Greenfield was a planter who emmigrated to America in 1669. He was transported to the English Colony of Maryland by Thomas Truman, Esq. in 1669. Thomas was born near Nottingham, England, home of Robin Hood. Many of Thomas' ancestors were clothiers or weavers and were well off as upper middle class. He attended Cambridge University in England before comming to America. Mr. Thomas Truman had been in the colony for three years when he sent for Thomas Greenfield. In the beginning the colony of Maryland was established and governed by the Calverts who were Roman Catholics. The colony had a reputation for religious freedom and is still known as "The Free State". In about 1680 after being in the colony for 11 years and being 32 years old, he married Martha Truman, second daughter of Dr. James Truman and Anne Storer. Thomas lived in Calvert County, MD near the Patuxent River. Over the years he became very wealthy and influential. He received 14 patents or land grants from 1679 and 1714. He held the positions of Burgess of Calvert County to the Assembly in Annapolis from 1672-1696; Justice of Calvert Co. 1689-1692 and again in 1694; He was one of the first vestrymen of St. Pauls's Parish in 1691. In 1696, Govenor Francis Nicholson created a new county out of parts of the existing Calvert and Charles Counties. On March 3, 1696, Thomas was appointed High Sheriff for the new county. The appointment was in the nature of a reward for his faithful service to the crown. The office of sheriff was an important and he received 10% of the annual levy for collecting taxes, plus certain other fees. The first court of the new county was held in Mount Calvert (later renamed Charles Town) on 23 Apr 1696. The court ordered Sheriff Greenfield to have a cage, Pillory, whipping post and stocks erected. This was done at a cost of 4.600 pounds of tobacco. Thomas was 48 when he was appointed as sheriff and served from 1696-1699. He was then appointed Justice of the Provincial Court. He was delegate to the lower house of the General Assembly and served from 1699-1707. In 1708 he was appointed a Colonel of the County Militia. One must keep in mind that the first two generations of Greenfields were living in Colonial America and were loyal British subjests.
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